Carob, also called Ceratonia siliqua, is a plant belonging to the Leguminosae family, typical of Middle Eastern countries, but cultivated since ancient times in most Mediterranean countries, especially in the East.
This evergreen tree, which can reach up to 20 meters in height, produces elongated fruits, pods, inside of which are its fruits, legumes to be precise, which are the seeds, called precisely carob, which are mainly used for the production of flours, used in confectionery, since they taste very similar to cocoa, they are in fact sweet, but have a lower level of fat, sugar and even caffeine.
Regarding its nutritional properties, locust beans contain high levels of dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals such as: vitamin B6, potassium, calcium, and iron.
This composition, makes locust beans effective antioxidants, which thanks to the considerable presence of pectin, a substance with anti-diarrheal properties, also help regulate digestion.
According to various accounts, in ancient times, that is, in the times of the ancient Greeks and Romans, the powder obtained from these legumes was also used to treat coughs and asthma, as well as for body care, eye care, and the preparation of skin and hair lotions.
An interesting fact about carob seeds is that they are called carats, a term used as a measure of the weight of precious jewelry, because these seeds found inside the pod all weigh exactly 0.2 grams.
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